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A Step-by-Step Guide to Free Keyword Research with Google Search Console for Your Content Strategy

Donald Ng
April 1, 2023
5-star rating
Reviews on Capterra
A Step-by-Step Guide to Free Keyword Research with Google Search Console for Your Content Strategy

Google Search Console (GSC) is a powerful, free tool that can help you perform keyword research for your content strategy, similar to what you can achieve with premium tools like SEMRush and Ahrefs. In this guide, we'll provide you with a step-by-step process to use GSC effectively for keyword research and content planning.

Set up Google Search Console

Follow these steps to set up GSC for your website if you haven't already:

a. Visit Google Search Console (

b. Sign in with your Google account.

c. Click on 'Add a property' and enter your website's URL.

d. Verify your ownership by following the given instructions.

e. Once verified, your website will be added to the GSC dashboard.

Access the Performance Report

To view the performance data of your website, follow these steps:

a. Log in to Google Search Console.

b. Choose the property (website) you want to analyze.

c. Click on 'Performance' in the left-hand menu.

Analyze Keywords

To effectively analyze the keywords that users searched for when your website appeared in Google's search results, follow these detailed steps:

1. Access the Queries data: In the Performance Report, click on the 'Queries' tab. This will display a list of keywords that your website has appeared for in the search results. These keywords are essential for understanding what your target audience is searching for and how your website is currently performing in terms of visibility.

2. Sort by clicks: The default sorting method for the Queries data is by the number of clicks your website received for each keyword. This helps you identify which keywords are driving the most traffic to your site, allowing you to focus on optimizing your content for these high-performing keywords.

3. Use date range filter: You can analyze data for specific time periods by using the date range filter at the top of the Performance Report. This feature allows you to view historical data and identify trends or changes in your website's performance over time. Comparing data from different time periods can reveal valuable insights, such as seasonal fluctuations or the impact of content updates and SEO optimizations.

4. Explore additional metrics: For each keyword, Google Search Console provides additional metrics that can help you understand your website's performance in more detail:

Impressions: The number of times your website appeared in search results for a particular keyword. High impressions indicate that your website is visible for that keyword, but it doesn't necessarily mean that users are clicking through to your site. 
Click-through rate (CTR): The percentage of impressions that resulted in clicks. A high CTR suggests that your website's title and meta description are appealing and relevant to users. Low CTRs may indicate a need to optimize these elements to better match user intent and improve click rates. 
Average position: The average ranking position of your website in search results for a specific keyword. A low average position indicates that your website is not ranking high enough and requires optimization to improve its visibility in search results.

5. Export data: To analyze the data further, consider exporting the keyword data to a CSV file or Google Sheets. This allows you to sort, filter, and manipulate the data more easily, making it simpler to identify trends and uncover valuable insights.

By carefully analyzing the keywords and their associated metrics in Google Search Console, you can gain a better understanding of your website's performance in organic search. This information can be used to optimize your existing content, identify content gaps, and inform your content strategy to drive more targeted traffic to your website.

Identify Content Gaps:

Group similar keywords

Start by grouping related keywords together. These groups should be based on topics or themes that are relevant to your industry or niche. For example, if you run a fitness blog, you might group keywords related to "weight loss," "strength training," or "nutrition." 

To create these groups, you can use a simple spreadsheet, where you list each keyword under its relevant category. This will help you get a clear overview of the different topics your audience is interested in.

Compare with your existing content

Once you've grouped your keywords by topic, compare them with your current content. Go through your website's blog posts, articles, and other content pieces to see if you've already covered these topics. Create a list of the topics you've covered, and cross-reference it with the keyword groups you've created. This will help you identify any gaps or areas where you can expand your content.

Prioritize content creation

After identifying content gaps, it's time to prioritize which topics you should create content for first. Consider factors such as keyword search volume, competition, and relevance to your target audience. High-traffic and low-competition keywords are ideal, as they can drive more traffic to your website without requiring as much effort to rank. Additionally, prioritize content that directly addresses your audience's needs, pain points, or interests, as this will likely generate higher engagement.

Analyze competitor content

Another essential aspect of identifying content gaps is analyzing what your competitors are doing. Look at the top-ranking websites for the keywords you're targeting and examine their content. Take note of any topics or angles they've covered that you haven't. You can also identify content gaps by looking for questions or concerns raised by users in comments, forums, or social media discussions that haven't been adequately addressed by your competitors. By filling these content gaps, you can provide unique value to your audience and improve your website's chances of ranking higher in search results.

Use keyword research tools: 

To get even more insights into potential content gaps, consider using keyword research tools like Google Keyword Planner, Ubersuggest, or AnswerThePublic. These tools can help you find additional related keywords, popular questions, or long-tail keyword variations that might not be visible in Google Search Console. Incorporate these findings into your content gap analysis to ensure you have a comprehensive understanding of your audience's needs and interests.

Create a Content Calendar:

A content calendar is an essential tool for planning, organizing, and executing your content strategy. It helps you maintain a consistent publishing schedule, manage resources, and ensure that your content is aligned with your marketing goals. Here's a detailed breakdown of how to create a content calendar:

1. Choose a format: Select a format that best suits your needs and preferences. Some popular options include spreadsheets (e.g., Google Sheets or Microsoft Excel), project management tools (e.g., Trello or Asana), or dedicated content calendar tools (e.g., CoSchedule or Airtable). The format you choose should allow you to easily manage and visualize your content plan, as well as collaborate with your team members if necessary.

2. Define content types and categories: Before adding content to your calendar, determine the different types of content you'll be creating (e.g., blog posts, articles, videos, podcasts, social media posts) and categorize them accordingly. This will help you maintain a diverse content mix and ensure that you cover all relevant topics and formats.

3. Schedule content: Based on your keyword research and content gap analysis, start adding content topics to your calendar. Assign publication dates for each piece of content, taking into account factors like seasonality, holidays, or industry events. Be realistic about your publishing schedule and ensure that it is manageable for your team.

4. Assign resources: For each content piece, assign the necessary resources, such as content creators, editors, graphic designers, or social media managers. This will help you keep track of each team member's workload and ensure that all content is delivered on time.

Optimize Existing Content:

Improve your existing content based on your keyword analysis, and consider the importance of user experience (UX) optimization as it plays a significant role in SEO:

1. Update content: Refresh outdated content with new information and incorporate relevant keywords. Use the insights gained from Google Search Console and other keyword research tools to make your content more relevant and up-to-date.

2. Optimize on-page SEO: Ensure proper use of keywords in title tags, meta descriptions, headings, and throughout the content. This will make it easier for search engines to understand and index your content, improving its visibility in search results.

3. Internal linking: Add relevant internal links to and from your optimized content to improve its visibility and search performance. This helps users navigate your website more easily and allows search engines to crawl and index your content more effectively.

4. Focus on UX optimization: User experience plays a critical role in SEO and overall website performance. By providing a seamless and engaging user experience, you can improve your site's rankings and increase the likelihood of visitors staying longer and converting. 

Utilize various UX optimization tools (Hotjar, Howuku, CrazyEgg) and techniques, such as heatmaps, session recordings, onsite surveys, A/B testing, and website personalization. These tools can help you understand user behavior, identify areas for improvement, and optimize your website for better engagement and higher conversions. When you combine your keyword research efforts with a focus on UX optimization, you create a powerful strategy to drive more traffic and engagement on your website.

Monitor Performance:

Track the performance of your content strategy:

a. Regularly check the GSC Performance Report to see the impact of your optimizations and new content.

b. Use additional tools like Google Analytics to gain more insights into user behavior and content performance.

c. Iterate and adjust your content strategy based on the results and insights you gather.


Using Google Search Console for keyword research and content strategy planning is an effective and budget-friendly alternative to premium tools like SEMRush and Ahrefs. By following this step-by-step guide, you can identify content gaps, optimize your existing content, and plan a robust content calendar that drives organic traffic to your website. Regularly monitor your performance and adjust your strategy as needed to ensure continuous growth and success.

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